It's amazing how such little creatures can cause such serious discomfort. Follow these simple steps to properly tend to an insect sting or bite.
To complete this How-To you will need:
An ice pack
A damp cloth or towel
Hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion, or baking soda
An object with a flat edge, such as a credit card or knife (optional)
Warning: Call 911 if a victim appears to be suffering from a serious reaction to an insect bite or sting, which can include symptoms like light-headedness, disorientation, a skin rash, nausea, vomiting, disrupted breathing, swelling in the lips or throat, rapid heartbeat, or cramps.
Step 1: Relocate
Relocate to an area free from insects (so you won't get bitten or stung again!).
Step 2: Scratch stinger off
If there is a stinger, scratch or flick it off by using the flat edge of something like a credit card or the back of a knife blade.
Tip: Flick, but never pull out a stinger—that can release more poison.
Step 3: Wash area
Wash the area with soap and water.
Step 4: Apply ice pack
Apply an ice pack to reduce swelling and discomfort. Be careful to ice in increments no longer than 20 minutes and allow at least 45 minutes between applications.
Tip: Never apply an ice pack directly to the skin—wrap the pack in something like a damp cloth or towel to prevent frostbite.
Step 5: Apply cream & lotion
Ease the symptoms by applying hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion according to product directions, or apply a paste made from 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water multiple times a day.
Warning: If you experience diarrhea, mild nausea, or cramps, or if the site swells more than 2 inches in diameter, you may be having an allergic reaction—see a doctor as soon as possible.
Step 6: Take antihistamine
Take an antihistamine containing diphenhydramine or chlorpheniramine maleate according to product directions.
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